It is never easy to control bed bugs mainly because they can hide in tiny cracks and crevices for a long time. People try many different ways to get rid of them, but most of those methods prove ineffective. The use of insecticides was effective in the past but modern bed bug population has become quite resistant to those insecticides. However, bed bugs still cannot survive very high or very low temperatures. Both heat and cold treatments prove effective against bed bugs and their eggs. You only need to have information about what temperature can effectively kill bed bugs.
Heat Treatment to Kill Bed Bugs
One of the best ways to kill bed bugs is to expose them to intense heat. You can also use heat treatment in different ways to treat infestations. For instance, you can make use of heat in the form of steam to treat bed bugs on upholstered furniture, behind baseboards, and in carpets. Similarly, you can use portable heat chambers and hot dryers to kill bed bugs in infested household items. You can treat your furniture in larger heat chambers. If you are willing to spend some money, you can use professional heating systems to treat entire rooms.
To make heat treatments work, you need to select the right temperature. Actually, the thermal death point for bed bugs and their eggs depend on temperature as well as exposure time. You can kill all bed bugs if you expose them to 113F for at least 90 minutes. You can kill them in 20 minutes if you exposed them to 118F. Experts are of the view that you should be exposing bed bugs to 118F for 90 minutes to reach 100% mortality. The thermal death point is usually low in case of whole room heat treatments – it is usually around 113F, but proves effective because there will be powerful fans used to create convection currents in the treated room that heat the beg bugs quickly.
If you use a dryer, you need to make sure it can reach the right temperature for the right amount of time.
Cold Treatment to Kill Bed Bugs
Just like extreme heat, extreme cold can also help get rid of bed bugs in all their life stages. It is important though to select a very low temperature to achieve good results. Some studies have found that you would be able to get rid of bed bugs by exposing them to -18C for at least an hour or. However, some experts are of the view that you should select an even lower temperature and expose bed bugs to that temperature for at least a couple of hours to ensure none of the bed bugs in any of their life stages survives.
The fact of the matter is that while there are several methods available to eliminate bed bugs, not all of them are effective or non-toxic. Both heat and cold treatments may require more effort but are highly effective treatment options for bed bugs as well as their eggs. Just be sure to treat your infested items at the right temperatures to get satisfactory results.